China clamps down on pop culture in bid to 'control' youth

China clamps down on pop culture in bid to 'control' youth

The government has launched a crackdown on video games, movie stars, reality talent shows and the featuring of 'sissy' men.
29 Sep, 2021

From reality TV to online gaming and even pop fandom, China's leadership has launched a crackdown on youth culture in what experts say is a bid to ramp up “ideological control”.

In a series of sweeping measures, Beijing has moved to check what it considers the excesses of modern entertainment, and urged social media platforms to promote patriotic content.

Authorities say they are targeting unhealthy values and “abnormal aesthetics”, but the moves are a bid to check outside influences and snuff any resistance to the Communist Party, analysts say.

The changes represent a “very concerted effort at ramping up of ideological control,” Cara Wallis, a scholar of media studies at Texas A&M University, told AFP.

Colourful and often outlandish entertainment formats have mushroomed in China over the past decade, including boot camp-style talent TV shows inspired by Japanese and Korean pop culture and celebrity gossip. Along the way, it has also become the largest video games market in the world.

Regulators — alarmed by what they see as decadence and degenerate morals — want to rein in the entertainment and gaming industries.

They have made an example out of movie stars that allegedly stepped out of line, banned reality talent shows and ordered broadcasters to stop featuring “sissy” men and “vulgar influencers”.

They have also imposed daily limits on the time children spend on video games.

Authorities are threatened by the allure of entertainment obsessions that “allow an alternative to exist to the (Communist) Party providing spiritual or ideological guidance” for Chinese youth, Steve Tsang, director of the SOAS China Institute, told AFP.

As tensions have mounted with the West, China has also pushed a nationalist and militaristic narrative at home, including a vision of tough masculinity as seen in blockbuster action films such as Wolf Warrior.

President Xi Jinping warned young Communist Party officials this month that they should “never be spineless cowards”.

Regulators and state media have expressed anxiety about what they see as unsavoury foreign influences on young Chinese men.

The party-run Global Times tabloid last week suggested the East Asian trend of “effeminate” male celebrities has roots in a CIA plot to weaken Japanese men after World War II.

“There is fear for the future prosperity of the nation, which is associated with the quality of the younger generation,” said Altman Peng, a researcher of media and gender at Newcastle University.

And as Beijing encourages more births to battle a looming population crisis, Peng told AFP these measures are also an effort to show prospective parents that it is “safe for them to raise their children” in China.

The quality of youth, the Party has determined, is being threatened by the entertainment and culture consumed by China's youth.

Controlling what China's youth see, hear and read has long been the policy, with strict internet censorship and crackdowns in recent years on men wearing earrings, tattoos or “vulgar” hip hop lyrics.

Now, this control is being expanded to what young Chinese play too.

Regulators have ordered China's top gaming firms to rein in “unhealthy tendencies”, and hundreds of firms have vowed as a result not to publish content that promotes “money worship” or is “politically harmful”.

The Party is pushing a very different role model for children -- President Xi himself, whose political thought was introduced this term to primary school students.

Analysts said Beijing's actions are also driven by a desire to rein in what it perceives as problematic social trends emerging from decades of runaway economic growth and rampant consumerism.

Tech firms were forced in August to limit children's online gaming time to just three hours a week during school terms as concerns grew about the youth spending too long hunched over screens.

Pop superfans — or stans — have become the latest target in the crackdown.

China's cyberspace authority in June blamed fan groups for “adversely affecting the physical and mental health of minors”, pointing to the extravagant spending by fans in support of their idols.

Those hit by these measures include Chinese fans of South Korean superstars BTS, after one group crowdfunded special livery on a passenger jet to mark the birthday of a band member.

But young Chinese are getting around the new rules, including buying adults' gaming accounts to skirt curfews. And some, such as 21-year-old celebrity reality show fan Su, see the rules as excessive.

“I'm already an adult and have my own ability to judge,” she said, giving only her surname.

“This kind of one-size-fits-all regulation isn't conducive to the development of diversity. “


Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad Sep 29, 2021 01:34pm
Excellent move and great news stemming out once again, from the People's Republic of China, the rising super-power of the world.
Rubina Aleem Sep 29, 2021 02:31pm
Other countries should follow China if they want their new generations to survive for future. If we follow the west blindly, the world will be left with just LGBT people and that will be pathetic .
NYS Sep 29, 2021 03:26pm
Very swift implementation really impressed When the parents are unable to control then this is the right way to overcome
Sane Mind1st Sep 29, 2021 05:46pm
Eagerly waiting this kind of laws in Pakistan which will have blessings of PMIK and his Wife. Great.
nk Sep 29, 2021 07:15pm
Monitoring every aspect of life constantly they take action on protecting their society and culture. Recently they also put a check on the economic front by taking action against the rich and the corporate culture. Great move.
Multani Sep 29, 2021 07:42pm
China likes to control its Muslims, its youth,little does it realize human sprit is free and we are not cloned robots, controlling won’t stay long.
Aasma Sep 29, 2021 08:30pm
@Rubina Aleem Other countries dont want to be robots, become materialistic people that sell plastic rice and adulterated eggs to other countries just because they prefer money over morals
Gulshan Omar Sep 29, 2021 09:54pm
So our dear friend slowly going back to the days of MAO ZE DONG. It is called history repeats itself.
sunny Sep 29, 2021 10:05pm
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad why communism banned in your country.
Anonymouseee Sep 30, 2021 12:27am
Excellent step by the Chinese.
A4 Sep 30, 2021 12:28am
Can't picture Chinese men as macho. They do look effeminate genetically. Anyways, good luck. Hope state sponsored censorship brings the right change
Asad Rehman Sep 30, 2021 04:51am
Excellent move. Pakistan should follow their footsteps and implement the same. We have to protect our future generations.
Mahraj Sep 30, 2021 07:14am
The Mask Sep 30, 2021 07:59am
Has the Taliban taken over China too?