This documentary reveals Perween Rahman's brave resistance

Filmmaker Mahera Omar chronicles slain OPP Director Perween Rahman's efforts to map – and save – Karachi
Updated Apr 21, 2016 06:47pm

In Rebel Optimist, documentary filmmaker Mahera Omar has pieced together the portrait of a singular champion of Karachi, Perween Rahman.

“You can’t even say she was one in a million; I feel she was one in a billion. There are very few people like her on earth,” Omar said of Rahman, whose efforts to better the lives of the people of Orangi were cut short by a target killing that claimed her life in March 2013.

Rahman served as Joint Director of the Orangi Pilot Project, and eventually became the director of OPP – Research and Training Institute (RTI) when the parent organization split into four units in 1988. She took it upon herself to counter the government's extreme neglect of the area by empowering its residents to build the systems they need with the resources they had.

Her work extended from sustainable sanitation projects to land and water supply mapping, low-cost housing to youth training programs – and took her all over Karachi, and later into parts of Sindh. In the process, she uncovered the secrets of the land and water mafia – and became a threat.

In a haunting moment of the documentary, Rahman’s sister, author Aquila Ismail, quotes her as downplaying the risks to her life thus: “Oh, nobody knows who I am.” Two days later, Rahman was shot while returning home from the OPP office.


One of Perween's friends recalls her saying: "I know I’ll be killed, but I’ll be killed happily.” Rahman was shot while returning home from the OPP office.


“She was aware of the danger she was in,” believes Omar when asked of her impression of Rahman. “Their office had been attacked before. After she did her water research, someone quotes her as saying 'If I publish it, I’ll be killed.'" At the screening at T2F yesterday, a close companion confirms this; on February 22, 2013, Perween said, “I know I’ll be killed, but I’ll be killed happily.”

So, in drawing her portrait, Rebel Optimist has in some ways tried to unravel the makings of this martyr – whose pro-poor bias stemmed from her own experience of eviction as a young girl in Dhaka during the 1971 war.

Perween has been called a 'hopeless romantic' and 'an irrational optimist.'
Perween has been called a 'hopeless romantic' and 'an irrational optimist.'

Rahman and her family came to Pakistan with nothing, but later in life, she enjoyed ‘privileges’ like a good education at St. Joseph’s Convent and Dawood University of Engineering and Technology. An excellent student, she initially joined a top architectural firm but “ran away after a few weeks”, says her sister Aquila. She then joined the OPP and “never looked back.”

The film captures the essence of Perween with the help of the memories of those close to her. A school friend relates her nonconformist streak at the convent, when she would liberally decorate her uniform with stickers. Her brother Anis recalls Perween saving him from the thrashing of a gardener after he caught stealing strands of imli. Her friend and lawyer Faisal Siddiqui remembered her zest for life, calling her "a hopeless romantic" and "an irrational optimist". Her best friend Anwar Rashid, who joined OPP on the same day as her, admitted thinking that the young, fashionable girl who could barely speak in Urdu wouldn't last very long at their workplace.


The effort to document Perween story was a risk-laden endeavour in itself. Omar said the film took two years to make partly because Orangi wasn’t the easiest of places to visit regularly. "There were times when we were told not to come [to the office], to come only once a week, to come in different vehicles so we would be safe," says Mahera Omar.


They collectively paint a picture of her as a ray of positivity in a place as dismal as Orangi Town.

Omar fills in some more history with the interviews she took of Rahman for an earlier documentary, City By The Sea and archival footage of the OPP’s. Family photographs and a tour of her bedroom by her housekeeper, who still keeps it the way it is, complete the portrait.

The effort to document Perween's story was a risk-laden endeavour in itself.

Omar said the film took two years to make partly because Orangi wasn’t the easiest of places to visit regularly. “The director of the OPP had been recently targeted, a grenade was thrown on his car. The entire office had shifted to Sharae Faisal, and a lot of their mapping work specifically in Gadap had been stopped. There were times when we were told not to come, to come only once a week, to come in different vehicles so we would be safe. But a few of the times I would be sent in Perween's car with the same driver,” Omar tells us.

Omar also related how she and editor Talha Ahmed, who also shot parts of the film, were held hostage while filming a water hydrant outside of Orangi. “Eventually, they let us go with a cup of tea,” she shared yesterday.