Published Apr 14, 2016 10:47am

Chitral’s three endangered languages get written form

The Kalasha language of the Kalash people has written form, but others like Yadgha, Damel and Gawabati did not
The Kalasha language of the Kalash people has written form, but others like Yadgha, Damel and Gawabati did not

CHITRAL: Three endangered languages of Chitral have gotten a new lease of life by securing a written form for the first time.

With the financial assistance of the USAID, primers of these languages have been made and printed; local folk tales have been recorded, and many other steps have been taken for their preservation.

The primers and a CD of folk tales were launched during a ceremony organised here to mark the closing of the project on ‘preservation of three dialects of Chitral and one of Swat’ on Wednesday.

The Forum for Language Initiatives (FLI), the implementing partner of the project, organised the event.

On the occasion, FLI executive director Fakhruddin Akhunzada said the Yadgha language of Gobor valley, Damel of Damel valley and Gawabati of Arandu in Chitral, and Ushojo of upper Swat faced the danger of extinction as they were not in written form.

He said sensing that danger, the FLI rushed to the rescue of those languages and launched a project a year ago to document the languages to save them from going extinct.

“Through a hectic effort, the project’s objectives were achieved in a short span of less than one year,” he said.

Mr. Akhunzada said Chitral was the home to 13 languages but only Khowar and Kalasha of them had a written form.

He said there was a serious need to preserve those languages, which was only possible by their documentation and that the FLI took the initiative to maintain the cultural diversity of the valley for a longer time.

Chitral naib nazim Maulana Abdul Shakoor was the chief guest on the occasion, while among other speakers were Dr. Inayatullah Faizi, Maula Nigah, Professor Mumtaz Hussain, Professor Rahmat Karim Baig, Farid Ahmed Raza.

The speakers declared the project a great contribution for the preservation of local languages, which they said were heading for extinction.

They said there were 36 segregated sub-valleys in Chitral and most of them had their own languages, which all acted as the guard for Khowar (Chitrali language) against the invasions of other languages from the trans-border areas of Afghanistan, Tajikistan and China.

The speakers said the languages were losing their identity to Khowar phenomenally as some dialects had almost been replaced by Khowar in the recent past in some sub-valleys and some measures were to taken to contain it.

Experts Allaud Din Haideri of Yadgha, Mulla Adina Shah of Gawarbati and Asmatullah of Dameli appreciated the efforts of the FLI and USAID for saving their languages from dying out.

Originally published in Dawn, April 14th, 2016


Your Name:

Recipient Email:

6 comment(s)

Rustom E Hind
Apr 14, 2016 11:07am

great initiative

congrats pakistn and nawaz saab as the PM

Apr 14, 2016 03:55pm

Laguages are born and languages die. Just like cultures, religions and empires. I my self speak 4 languages. My daughter is learning the 5th in school.

Quaid e Azam's thoughts on this matter is still very valid: Urdu must be the national language, a language which transcend provincial borders. This does not exclude people from their provincial language at all.

Musleh Uddin Ahmad
Apr 14, 2016 04:14pm

Would appreciate if Folk-Lore of the area are translated and also published in other languages of Pakistan, like Urdu, Punjabi, Sindi , Balluch And Saraiki. It would enrich, both, Pakistani Literature and Culture.

my name
Apr 15, 2016 08:50am

Please someone explain the origin of the term "gawarbati" as reported in article on Chitral in Dawn today!

Apr 15, 2016 11:17pm

@Khwarezmi Funny comment about language. We are talking about importance of maintaining Pakistan's history. What does speaking Hindi or Urdu have to do about it. I get it, you like Bollywood films but maybe some people like Chitral language too !

Mehwish Sarwar
Apr 20, 2016 02:19pm

How to access these folk lore ? Are there translations available?